Ankle Discoloration Specialist

Vascular & Interventional Institute of Louisville

Mahmoud Samman, MD

Vascular and Interventional Radiologist & Endovascular Surgeon located in Louisville, KY

Ankle discoloration, also called stasis dermatitis, is a sign of venous disease. Mahmoud Samman, MD, and the team at Vascular & Interventional Institute of Louisville use state-of-the-art radiology services to diagnose and treat ankle discoloration and venous disease. If you live in or around Louisville, Kentucky, call the office or schedule a consultation online today for expert diagnosis and treatment for ankle discoloration.

Ankle Discoloration Q&A

What causes ankle discoloration?

Ankle discoloration, or stasis dermatitis, is an inflammatory condition that develops as a result of poor circulation. Depending on the severity of your condition, your ankles might look red, shiny, or scaly. You might also have open, oozing sores, swelling, or other signs of infection.

Chronic venous insufficiency is one of the most common causes of ankle discoloration. The veins in your legs have to work against gravity to move blood back to your heart and lungs. They have tiny valves that help push your blood along its journey. 

Venous insufficiency develops when those valves are weak, damaged, and unable to support healthy circulation. As a result, your blood flows sluggishly, and in some cases, can leak backward. 

The pressure inside your veins increases, damaging your capillaries and allowing proteins and a pigment called hemosiderin to leak into your skin. 

What are the risk factors for ankle discoloration?

Your risk of developing venous disease and ankle discoloration increases with:

  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • A sedentary lifestyle

Your chances of getting stasis dermatitis are also higher if you have other vein conditions like venous insufficiency, varicose veins, or deep vein thrombosis. 

How is venous disease diagnosed?

The team at Vascular & Interventional Institute of Louisville diagnose venous disease with a thorough exam and venous Doppler ultrasounds. 

Doppler ultrasounds use innovative technology to create videos of your blood vessels, allowing your provider to monitor your circulation and identify weak or damaged veins. 

How is ankle discoloration treated?

Dr. Samman and the team at Vascular & Interventional Institute of Louisville treat the underlying cause of ankle discoloration. After identifying the weak and damaged veins in your legs, they create a treatment plan to address your specific needs. 

They use ultrasound-guided treatments, including sclerotherapy and radiofrequency ablation. 


Sclerotherapy involves injecting a sclerosant into your damaged vein. A sclerosant is a chemical irritant that makes your vein collapse and seal closed. 

Radiofrequency ablation

Radiofrequency ablation closes weak veins using heat to close your vein. Closing your vein forces blood to move through healthier, stronger veins. 

Endovenous laser therapy (EVLT)

EVLT is a minimally invasive catheterization treatment that uses laser energy to heat and close your weak or damaged vein. 

These treatments are minimally invasive and require little to no time to recover. You need to wear compression stockings for around two weeks following your treatment to help your treated vein stay closed and promote healthy circulation. 

If you’re concerned about ankle discoloration or other signs of venous disease, call Vascular & Interventional Institute of Louisville or make an appointment online for diagnosis and treatment.